Danger Zone

To suggest a motorcycle is more potentially dangerous than it is nonharmful is no surprise. Motorcycles have and continue to take the lives of riders all over the world. In mechanical terms, they are beautifully designed technology that allows a rider to reach high speed in such a condensed form, but in terms of human experience, they can be machines of death and calamity for all who are involved. According to statistics released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Association, “motorcyclist deaths occurred 27 times more frequently than fatalities in other vehicles” according to crash data from 2014. This is simply too much. Proper safety precautions in designing of a motorcycle, adequate protective gear, and innovative safety designs for major roadways should be implemented in the motorcycle industry with additional legislation.

Across the nation, motorcyclists can be injured and possibly hurt others in the process. The machines themselves invite the possibility of danger at frigid high-speed moments as the rider becomes filled with adrenaline they lose focus on the conditions of the road or the pressures of drivers outside their moto-bubble. The NHTSA also included that the number of motorcyclists killed in 2014 was 4,586. Lucky to escape that number was Douglas Marshall, a 44-year-old driver of a motorcycle who escaped an accident with a presumably drunk driver in Delaware County. Mr. Marshall experienced substantial injuries and was taken to a hospital via Helicopter. He is a lucky survivor of an accident scenario that claims life all over the world every day. Reporting by WISH TV, a local news outlet, discovered that the driver of the SUV that caused Marshall and his motorcycle to skid across the road and injure his left leg was, in fact, drunk when he pulled out of a gas station directly in front of the motorcycle’s path. Additionally, this drunk driver originally fled the scene, abandoning Douglas Marshall in his injured state. In this event, it is expected that Marshall followed up with a personal injury suit.

It is clear that motorcycles leave any rider open to the possibility for injury, yet instances like Mr. Marshall’s serve as a reminder for the necessity of clear, safe practices for vehicle owners regardless if they have two wheels or four. The roads can be a safe means of traveling to our destination, but only if we educate every driver in every vehicle.

To summarize, the motorcycle, a modern innovation that provides personal mobility in the ever growing network of roads through cities of grandeur and countrysides of dead lands alike, this vehicle remains as an invitation for danger. The sporty market of motorcycle manufacturers seems to favor speed and look, over safety and functionality. This must be addressed so that these vehicles can continue to exist in a future world. The car has undergone numerous safety revisions and inspections. The motorcycle, with its extremely high rate of accidents, can be redesigned into something that continues to offer the high-speed thrills of its original concept, but with the safety features of vehicular innovation.

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Diseases of the Digestive System

A Gastrointestinal disease (GI) is any disease that involves the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, as well as the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

According to the International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (IFFGD), Gastrointestinal diseases can occur when nerves or muscles in any portion of the digestive tract do not function in a coordinated fashion, or when the sensitivity of the nerves of the intestines or the way in which the brain controls some of these functions is impaired.

One example of Gastrointestinal disease is Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract; it belongs to a group of conditions known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). IBD actually includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-lasting inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum.

An estimated 780,000 Americans is said to be affected with this chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract and, though men and women are equally likely to be affected, it is more widespread among adolescents and young adults aged from 15 to 35.

It is not well understood what actually causes Crohn’s disease; however, recent research suggests that environmental factors and genetics are contributory factors. Its symptoms also vary from one patient to another, the most common, however, according to a Valley Stream gastroenterologist, include: pain, severe diarrhea, bloody stool, fatigue, weight loss, decreased appetite, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, and fever.

In treating inflammatory bowel diseases, the goal is to reduce the inflammation that is responsible for triggering the signs and symptoms. There is no cure for IBD, unfortunately, but many treatment options exist to help relieve the symptoms on a daily basis, including:

  • anti-inflammatory drugs
  • immune system suppressors
  • antibiotics
  • other types of medications
  • surgery

Even if one may think that he or she is showing signs of IBD, especially Crohn’s disease symptoms, only proper testing performed by a Gastroenterologist can render a diagnosis. A gastroenterologist is a physician specializing in diseases of the digestive system (also called the gastrointestinal tract or GI tract); he or she treats conditions that affect the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines (colon), and biliary system, which include the liver, the pancreas, the gallbladder, and the bile ducts.


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Medical Malpractice: Surgical Error

Surgeries are often performed to aid the treatment process of a patient, but there are instances where they can also create further complications, especially if there are errors in the surgery process. Surgical error is a form of medical malpractice, and according to the website of The Benton Law Firm, those who have been injured as a result of a surgical error may be able to seek compensation from the health care professional responsible for the injuries.

Typically, surgical error claims, or medical malpractice claims in general, can be viable if they pass the following criteria:

  • There should be a real doctor-patient relationship
  • There should be a duty of care on the side of the medical professional
  • There should be a violation in the duty of care, may it be in the form of an act or failure to perform an act
  • There should be an injury that has been sustained because of the violation in the duty of care

Health is a complicated thing, and not all inconveniences result from errors. But complications arising from errors do happen and cause injuries, extended hospital confinement, additional treatment costs, more lost time at work or school, and more pain and suffering.

  • Anesthesia mistake – Too much anesthesia may result to brain damage. Too little anesthesia may result into reduced effectiveness, with the patient experiencing the pain of surgery.
  • Surgical tools left on patient’s body – Negligence and general incompetence of the medical staff may make them leave surgical equipment and other foreign objects in the patient’s body after surgery, resulting into pain and infections.
  • Nerve damage – Improper surgical techniques, wrong use of surgical tools, and incompetence of the medical staff may damage nerves, tissues, and even entire organs. These damages may lead to pain, infections, and even lifetime disabilities.
  • Surgery on the wrong body part – It may sound comical, but this does happen. Patients who got their healthy kidneys removed or got their wrong leg amputated do not find it funny at all. Poor planning and failing to follow the proper procedures are the main causes of wrong-site surgical errors.

What makes surgical errors worse is the thought that patients are innocent. They do not know any better and just follow the instructions of medical professionals and entrust these professionals with their lives. It is sad to know that surgical errors, and medical malpractices overall, exist. But it is good to know that the law is on the side of the victimized patients.

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Improper Treatment is Now More Frequent Despite Medical Advancement

Majority of patients find it difficult to question a doctors’ judgment and, sometimes, if they are able to do so, any kind of answer, even an unsatisfactory one, would be accepted. Some suppose that questioning doctors is a sign of mistrust; patients should know and understand, however, that inquiring about their condition and suggested treatment is their right – it is their lives that is at issue, anyway.

Questioning a doctor’s recommended treatment can be a way of preventing mistakes, particularly, improper treatment. As opposed to wrong diagnosis, wherein there is failure to correctly determine a patient’s health condition or health complaint, an improper treatment case involves correct diagnosis of a patient’s health condition, however, for whatever reason, such patient’s doctor provides the patient with the wrong kind of treatment.

Improper treatment can be committed in many different ways, including, but not limited to:

  • Prescribing a patient with the wrong drug or the wrong dose of drug;
  • Prescribing a drug to a patient despite knowledge that such drug can cause in the patient allergic reactions;
  • Delaying, rushing, an unnecessary or a dangerous treatment;
  • Inadequate monitoring of patient; and,
  • Failing to provide the necessary treatment which will prevent a disease or keep such disease from worsening.

One concrete example of an improper treatment case involves a young man who received his needed kidney transplant. After the transplant procedure, he was prescribed with an extremely strong immunosuppressant drug so that his body would be prevented from rejecting the transplanted kidney. Unfortunately, the kidney he received was cancer-infected and, due to the immunosuppressant drug he was taking, his body was not able to fight off the cancer that came with the kidney. He died due to the cancer.

According to the website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, it is critical that victims or victims’ families hold doctors accountable for their actions or lack of action and get the compensation they deserve. This is because besides the new injuries a patient may be made to suffer or the life-threatening situation a patient may be placed into, improper treatment does not address the patient’s original health problem, making this worse and, thus, requiring extensive and more expensive treatment . . . if the patient survives the mistake committed.

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Driving and the Elderly

According to a new study conducted by scientists from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health and published in the Journal of American Geriatrics Society, when elderly people stop driving due to obvious reasons such as less sharp motor skills and less coordinated reflexes, said people’s cognitive skills experience deterioration and the risk that they succumb to depression heightens.

At present, 81% of the 29.5 million adults over the age of 65 possess a driver’s license and continue to drive the streets they wish to cruise through. The rest of them permanently have to park their crs in the driveway, though.

Analyzing quantitative health data for drivers aged 55 above, senior study author Dr. Guohua Li, professor and Center for Injury Epidemiology and Prevention founding director, said: “Unfortunately, it is almost inevitable to face the decision to stop driving during the process of aging as cognitive and physical functions continue to decline.”

For her part, Dr. Thelma Mielenz, co-author of the study and an assistant professor of epidemiology said engaging in indoor activities inside the house may not be as beneficial for the body of ex-drivers as when they were working or performing day-to-day physical activities outside the house.

Li said driving contributes to “mobility, physical, and social functioning” and when a person ceases to do this activity because of advanced age, there can be effects to his well-being.

Also, the idea of someone needing to stop driving because of debilitating physical functions can be a very emotional matter, and can very well lead to depression, according to SeniorAdvice.com. Still, a bruised heart or ego is better than a mangled body because of a car accident, so it is important for a relative of the elderly person to determine whether the senior needs to alter his or her driving habits or needs to stop driving altogether.

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